Since the use of aircraft within the borders of a single country makes no economic sense, it has become necessary for countries to find a way to expand their areas of exploitation. This has led to several agreements between two countries in the form of bilateral air services agreements. One of the first air agreements after World War II was the Bermuda Agreement. This agreement was signed in 1946 by the United States of America and the United Kingdom. The characteristics of the Bermuda Agreement became models for the many such agreements that were to follow (Kasper 1988)3. This site introduces you to the world of the bilateral air system. In addition, certain aspects dealt with in the bilateral Air Services Agreements (ASA) fall within the EXCLUSIVE competence of the EU and are therefore not self-negotiable by EU Member States. Regulation (EC) 847/2004 on the negotiation and implementation of air services agreements between Member States and third countries Air Services Agreements (ASAs) are formal contracts between countries, accompanied by memorandums of understanding and exchange of formal diplomatic notes. It is not mandatory to have an ASA for the operation of international services, but cases where contract-free services exist are rare. The result is that international air transport is governed by a complex network of more than 3,000 bilateral air transport agreements.
In recent years, groups of countries have banded together to negotiate air agreements. These agreements are called multilateral agreements, but most international air services are still subject to a bilateral approach. In addition to airworthiness certification, basas, MoUs and WAs offer bilateral cooperation in other areas of aviation, including maintenance, air operations and environmental certification. Bilateral agreements and agreements allow the sharing of the airworthiness certificate for civil aviation products between two countries. This type of trade agreement does not exist in any other sector. The Australian government is working to move beyond the bilateral system through multilateral organizations such as IcaO, the World Trade Organization and APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation). It is a long-term goal, but it is an important goal. Bilateral airworthiness agreements are executive agreements reached prior to 1996 through an exchange of diplomatic notes between the U.S. State Department and its foreign counterpart, based on the FAA`s technical recommendations. (Note: U.S.
no longer enters into bilateral airworthiness agreements)) The ASA covers the basic framework under which airlines enjoy bilateral economic flight rights in two countries. Frequency, designated airlines of the two signatory states, points of origin and intermediate points, traffic rights, type of aircraft and tax issues are generally covered by soft.